Orange fruit belongs to citrus family as it is believed. At the end of this topic, you will be aware of the importance of orange as well as the health benefits of Lime.
Fruit of orange which is called Berry or sweet orange is tasty, nutritious, succulent, fleshy and juicy. Orange fruit is rich in vitamins and minerals. They are packed with vitamin C, A, B6, calcium, thiamine, folate and magnesium. It originated in eastern Asia. The biological name for orange is citrus sinensis.
Varieties of Citrus Sinensis
There are different varieties of citrus sinensis that will be listed below in few seconds. They are as follows:
Varieties Botanical names
1. Sweet orange – Citrus sinensis
2. sour orange – Citrus aurantium
3. Lemon – Citrus limon
4. Tangerine – Citrus reticulata
5. King orange – Citrus nobilis
6. Grapefruit – Citrus paradisi
7. Lime – Citrus aurantifolia
Orange plant is a perennial crop. The seeds are best planted between April and May in order for the seed to grow effectively. Orange tree can survive as long as 35 years. The maturity age of orange tree occurs between three(3) and seven(7) years. During harvesting of the fruits, it can be done using hand or knife carefully over a period of time.
There are some pests that affects orange tree and if nothing is done to prevent them, they can attack the orange leaves, flowers and the fruits. Hence making the citrus tree incapable of producing fruits. Such pests are fruit borers, caterpillars, scale insects, red mites, leafhoppers and others. To control the above pests, it is adviced to spray insecticides like gammalin 20 and malathion on the plant.
Some common Diseases of Orange
Some common diseases of Orange such are gummosis, citrus scalp and tristeza.
Gummosis is caused by fungi which makes the orange scalp to dry and the leave to turn yellow or die mosttimes.
Cirrus scab is also a fungal Disease that attacks young leaves and stem especially in nursery stage.
While Tristeza is a viral disease that causes swelling at the bud.
Orange can be processed into orange juice which can be stored or put in a bottle form.
Most of the drinks and juice we take are made from orange such as caprisonne, happy hour, 5alive and so many others.
Local orange juice can be prepared at home using squeezer to drain the water then served when chilled.
Taking orange raw with the fiber is better than taking only the juice. It can be mixed with other fruits like banana, mango, pineapple or any other fruit to make it tastier and richer in nutrients.
Orange fruit is good source of vitamin C that can helps to prevent catarrh and cold when taken regularly than consuming vitamin C tablets. It also helps to heal wounds.
Also lemon which is categorized as one of the varieties of orange family can be used to produce lemon soft drinks which is exhilarating for the body. Lemon can be taken raw, sliced and put in hot water as drink. The drink is taking first thing in the morning daily. By doing so, it cleanses the body from radicals and helps to boost the immune system.
Take a look at some of the incredible health benefits of Orange Fruit.
One orange can offer 116.2% of daily value. Good intake of orange is associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer as it helps to get off free radicals that cause damage to human DNA (Dibo nucleic acid).
Orange contents table;
Vitamin c. – 100%
Water. – 87%
Protein. – 0.9g
Carbohydrate. – 11.8g
Sugar. – 9.4g
Calories. – 47
Fiber. – 2.4g
Oranges contains phytochemicals that protect the body against blood cholesterol level.
They also activate the metabolic rate which helps in weight loss.
A significant weight loss benefit of oranges is the fruits dietary fiber Content. It moderates the rise in blood sugar.
Orange fruit is a healthy source of fiber and foliage. You have to take note that, the basic fibres found in orange are pectin, cellulose, hemicellulose.
The fibres in orange improve the function of the digestive system and feeding the friendly bacteria in the intestine. Fibre also promote weight loss and lower cholesterol levels.
Talking about the Health Benefits of Lime.
Lime can be used in the treatment of a woman’s monthly period that is not pure. Some uses it to extermine early pregnancy. When lime is mixed with Lipton, it stops vomiting, stomach pains and stooling without any adverse effect.
More so, if lime is equally mixed with ginger, garlic and honey, it helps to stop cough. This shows that lime has numerous uses to mankind the same way Orange is.
The vitamin C content in orange fruits help to boost immune system and heals wounds fast, when the wounds are healed, it helps to clear the scars.
Oranges are excellent addition to a healthy diet. An orange a day may keep the doctor away.
Apparently, oranges help to lower the risk of stroke and support strong bone and healthy living.
The citric acid and citrate in orange help to prevent kidney stone formation. Potassium citrate helps with kidney stones and kidney diseases. It is also high in folate which is helpful in bringing down levels of homocysteine, a cardiovascular risk factor.
Orange fruit consist of carbohydrates and water. It contains low quantity of Protein, calories and fat. Simple sugars such as fructose, sucrose and glucose are the dominant form of carbohydrates in orange. They are responsible for the sweet taste you get in orange when consumed. One orange can provide over 100% of daily intake of vitamin C.
Thiamine is one of the vitamin B. It is also known as vitamin B1, while folate has many important functions. Folate is also known as vitamin B9 or domiciliary Acid.
Orange fruits are good source of potassium. High intake of potassium lowers blood pressure in persons with hypertension, and has beneficial effects on cardiovascular health.
There are two main classes of antioxidants plant compounds in orange which are carotenoids and phenolics compounds. They are excellent compounds flavonoids produced by phenolics which contributes to most of the antioxidants Properties that are good for health benefits. Also lycopene are antioxidants found high in red fruits and orange which can be converted into vitamin A.
Orange Fruits are not rich in iron but when eaten with iron rich food, they will help you improve iron absorption and reduce the risk of Anaemia .
Eating whole Orange fruit is generally healthier than drinking orange juice. Fruit juice tend to be high in sugar and not as whole fruit.
Orange do not have many adverse deffect in healthy people. Just that some people have an allergy to orange. Though this rarely occur.
NB: To those who suffer from heartburn, consumption of oranges may make symptoms worse because oranges contain organic acids like citric acid and ascorbic acid (vitamin C ).
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